Today about 40% of the total number of the University students are women. In 1930, only 9% of the total number of students were female students of the Oil Faculty at Moscow Mining Academy, in 1931 – 20% of female students at Moscow Oil Institute named after I.M. Gubkin, and in 1934 – almost 30%. Professor T.A. Lapinskaya, the outstanding scientist, Head of the Department of Petrography and Geochemistry of Sedimentary Rocks (nowadays the Department of Lithology) in 1960 – 1974 is widely known as the founder of the only scientific school in the world aimed to study the foundation of oil and gas areas in order to clarify its structure and history of geological development. In 1968, Professor G.L. Govorova became the first woman in our country to defend her doctoral dissertation in oil field development.