By the beginning of the 50s, training of oil engineers was falling behind the industrial development. The industry needs for qualified specialists changed and became more sophisticated.
The scientific and technological revolution started: new areas of science and technology were opened, mechanization and automation of production processes were implemented extensively, new types of machinery and equipment, more effective methods of geological exploration were introduced.
The time issued fundamentally new challenges for higher institutions: it became necessary to take into account the prospects for the development of the national economy in training engineers.
Trying to meet the needs of the oil industry of the country, Moscow Oil Institute named after I.M. Gubkin constantly increased the number of trained specialists. In 1952 – 1953 the number of students reached 3,000.
1958 became life-changing for the Institute. The decree of the Government of the Soviet Union on further development of the gas industry and gas supply to enterprises and cities of the country of 15 August 1958 determined the priority of gas and oil in the development of the fuel industry. Moscow Oil Institute was supposed to train specialists and conduct research for the petrochemical and gas industries.
On 23 July 1958, the Institute was renamed to Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry named after Ivan Gubkin. The oil industry institution was transformed into a complex multidisciplinary oil and gas institute.
Director of the Institute K.F. Zhigach and V.N. Vinogradov with students leaving to develop new lands
The USSR State Prize Laureate Academician L.S. Leibenzon, the corresponding members of the USSR Academy of Sciences S.F. Fedorov and M.A. Kapelyushnikov, 36 professors (23 doctors of sciences) and over 50 associate professors, candidates of sciences, laureates of the USSR State Prize Ya.M. Kershenbaum, A.P. Krylov, L.V. Pustovalov, A.I. Scoblo, E.I. Tagiev, A.V. Topchiev, N.I. Chernozhukov, V.N. Shchelkachev were among the faculty members of the Institute.
The leadership of the Institute paid great attention to organizing practical training in the fields and at industrial facilities of the country, in parties, expeditions of geological trusts and expeditions of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Winter on Leninsky Prospect. Group ÍÒ-55-2
Classes at the Faculty of Radio Electronics and Automation
In the laboratory of the Department of Machinery and Equipment of the Oil and Gas Industry
New areas of study were opened. On 19 July 1962, the Faculty of Radioelectronics and Automation was opened at Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry to train engineers in automation and telemechanics, and automation of production processes.
Classes in group ÝÍ-66-1. 1968.
In 1961 the directorate of the Institute was transformed into the rectorate. Professor K.F. Zhigach became the first rector.
Professor M.M. Charygin, Director K.F. Zhigach, Professor Khvastunov and students of Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. Moscow, Bolshaya Kaluzhskaya Street 6. 1958
In August 1962, for the first time in the Soviet higher education practice the Academic Council of the Institute elected by secret ballot Associate Professor Vladimir Vinogradov as a rector.
Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry named after I.M. Gubkin developed into a complex educational and scientific center. Training of students at all faculties became multidisciplinary. In 1962 – 1963 the Institute included 42 departments. By the end of the 1960s, this number reached 48, and by 1980 – 54.
Defense of the graduation project at the enterprise
Defense of the graduation project at the enterprise
Tremendous work was done to organize new forms of training, taking into account the specifics of training at each faculty. In 1956 the Institute established a network of training and consulting centers in the main oil and gas regions of the country.
A.A. Bakirov and V.N. Vinogradov with students. Turkmen State University named after A.M. Gorky. 1960.
The expansion of the Institute and its transformation into a multidisciplinary educational institution required improving the infrastructure, but the construction of a new building on Leninsky Prospekt was delayed. In 1961 – 1962 the academic year started simultaneously in the new and old buildings. Classes were hold on all eight floors of the left part of the new building, while construction work continued in the central and right parts. By 1 January 1965, the construction of the building was fully completed.
Practical training for students was carried out at 500 enterprises – in the fields, oil depots, gas and oil pipeline facilities, advanced oil refineries and engineering plants, at the most important construction sites of the country. In 1966 geophysicists underwent practical training for the first time at Zaluchye training base in the Kalinin region. A training base for geological training was built near Kislovodsk. Another base was launched in the Republic of North Ossetia.
Students undergoing practical training at a drill site
Educational base. Kislovodsk, 1973
The new structure for the organization of research work was introduced at the Institute. By 1970 there were 5 fundamental research laboratories and 31 industry laboratories. In 1963, 626 people, including 369 faculty members, conducted research work.
The complex fundamental research included: drilling superdeep wells in the Caspian region, the conditions for the development and placement of large oil and gas accumulation zones in Central Asia, the study of new polymers for use in radio engineering and other industries; development of monomers from oil and gas raw materials to create new plastics, fibers, additives for fuels and oils.
Speech delivered by A.N. Dmitrievsky, Head of the Integrated Laboratory on Prospecting, Exploration and Development of Oil and Gas Fields in Eastern Siberia and the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
Bakirov Dynasty: Alexander Bakirov and his sons Ernest, Julius and Valery. 1970s.
In the laboratory of the Department of Thermodynamics and Heat Engineering
In 1963 the history of the community of oil universities began. The exchange of experience allowed oil universities to unify their curricula and better navigate research programs. Thereupon, the educational and methodological association of oil universities was established, and Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry became the leading university in the system of higher oil and gas education in the country.
V.N. Vinogradov (in the third row) among the participants of the all-Russian meeting of rectors of higher educational institutions. Moscow, Moscow State University, 1963.
V.N. Vinogradov, Rector of Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry and Mr. Sherifi, Rector of INH. Boomerdes, Algeria. 1970s.
During the 50-60s, the international relations of the Institute expanded significantly. In the mid-1950s with the participation of the scientists of the Institute, oil institutes were established in Beijing, People's Republic of China and Suez, Arab Republic of Egypt. In 1963 Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry established the Institute for Exploration of Oil and Gas Fields in Dehradun, India. In 1964 a training center, including the technical school and the institute of oil and gas, was established in Budermes, Algeria.
In 1968 – 1969 the Faculty of Advanced Training was established at the Institute. For over 20 years, more than 10 thousand specialists of the oil and gas and petrochemical industries, and faculty members of institutes were trained at the faculty.
Graduation from the Faculty of Advanced Training in field geology. 1974.
Construction of student dormitories on Butlerova Street
In the 60s, students often mentioned the new address: Butlerova Street 3, Building 1. The construction of the campus of Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry started in the Belyaevo-Bogorodskoye residential district. By the effort of the student construction team the first building was built ahead of schedule in 1969.
Dormitories on Academician Volgin Street
The scientific and technological revolution in the oil and gas industry, the introduction of new technologies led to changes in the educational process, influenced the set of disciplines studied. The requirements for a personality of an engineer changed as well. In addition to professional knowledge, an engineer had to have environmental thinking, be erudite and creative.
In the 70s, the Institute paid special attention to progressive methods of programed check and teaching of students, the use of modern technical means. In 1963 the class of programmed training was first opened at the Faculty of Radioelectronics and Automation. By 1975, 46 departments applied programed check in 45% of academic disciplines.
Laboratory for theoretical foundations of electrical engineering. 70s.
Computing center of the Institute. Nairi-K computer
The system of educational and research work, which included components of the academic process, industry and science (fundamental and applied) was of great importance. The launch of branches of departments at plants and research institutes using unique industry equipment improved the quality of training and reduced the time for adaptation of engineers.
Preparation of student projects
Laboratory of chemical engineering. 70s.
The scientists of the Institute made a significant contribution to the exploration and development of unique oil and gas fields in Tyumen, Mangyshlak, the Orenburg region, the Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, the Uzbek and Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republics. A unified gas supply system was created, the scientists from the Institute participated in designing gas pipelines of the Urengoy corridor, student construction teams built the Central Asia – Center gas transmission system.
Team «Painters». Novy Urengoy, 1980.
International construction team «Friendship»
The scientists of the Institute participated in international congresses and symposia. Professors and researchers: A.A. Bakirov, L.A. Ryabinkin, A.A. Kartsev, M.B. Rapoport, L.K. Tsabek, G.M. Panchenkov, V.V. Papko, G.P. Ovanesov, E.A. Bakirov, Sh.K. Gimatudinov, M.A. Huseynzade delivered speeches at the 8th World Petroleum Congress (1971).
8th World Petroleum Congress. Moscow, June, 1971. Rector V.N. Vinogradov – in the third row in the center.
Sports and health camp "Gubkinets"
Every year up to 500 students went for vacation at the sports camp of the Institute “Gubkinets” on the Volga.
Sports and health camp "Gubkinets"
Students of the Institute on studies of Komsomol organizations of the city
Students life was led by the Komsomol organization of the Institute, which brought together 5,000 students. Komsomol open doors for many students – some of them later became heads of oil and gas organizations and enterprises, state and public leaders.
The motocross team of the Institute participated in the USSR Motocross Championship and won numerous competitions
Humour contest club
Participants of the 3d meeting of the right-wing. July 1977
By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 16 April 1980, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of its founding and in recognition of training highly qualified specialists for the national economy and a significant contribution to the development of science, Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry named after Ivan Gubkin was awarded the Order of the October Revolution.
Many professors, faculty and staff members of the Institute were awarded orders and medals: Professor A.A. Bakirov – the Order of Lenin, Professors T.A. Lapinskaya and G.M. Panchenkov – the Order of the October Revolution.
“For 50 years the Institute developed from a small faculty of Moscow Mining Academy to a leading oil institute of the country, which trained 40 thousand engineers and continues to provide the oil and gas industry with highly qualified specialists. Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry named after Ivan Gubkin became the center for research, which determines the development of the most important sectors of the national economy. Many of its graduates became prominent scientists, leaders and managers of the industry”
– from the report on the activities of the Institute for 50 years prepared by Rector V.N. Vinogradov
Rector V.N. Vinogradov
In 1983 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR awarded V.N. Vinogradov the title of Hero of Socialist Labor. The decree stated: “In recognition of great achievements in training highly qualified specialists, development of research and on the occasion of the sixtieth anniversary, award the Rector of Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry named after Ivan Gubkin, Professor Vladimir Vinogradov the title of Hero of Socialist Labor and present the Order of Lenin and the Hammer and Sickle Gold Medal to him”.
“Looking back a few decades ago, I want to mention what was the most important thing for me at that time. First of all, it is the high spirit of solidarity, honor and creative enthusiasm. This spirit lived and was supported by people with whom I had a chance to work. Among them, I give pride of place to Vladimir Vinogradov. He was a recognized youth leader whom we followed”
– from the memoirs of V.I. Graifer.
In 1980, 114 professors, doctors of sciences, over 600 candidates of sciences, 4 laureates of the Lenin Prize and 14 laureates of the State Prize of the USSR and Union Republics, 13 honored workers of science and technology of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and Union Republics, 29 laureates of the I.M. Gubkin Prize worked at the Institute. Specialists were trained in 21 qualifications at 50 departments. 433 postgraduate students studied at the Institute. In 1987, 13% of the total number of faculty members were doctors of science, and 15% – candidates of science.